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  • Documentos de Trabajo

    Evolución de la agricultura familiar en El Salvador

    El presente estudio aporta evidencia empírica para responder a un conjunto de preguntas de interés: 1. ¿Cuál es la situación actual de las economías rurales en El Salvador? 2. ¿Dónde existe un potencial poco explotado de asistir a los productores rurales a expandir sus estrategias de vida (livelihoods)? 3. ¿Dónde se pueden invertir donaciones para promover actividades de fortalecimiento de las estrategias de vida de productores pobres, que tengan potencial de replicación y escalamiento para tener impactos significativos? 4. ¿Bajo qué condiciones puede el fortalecimiento de las estrategias de vida de los productores pobres ser una alternativa a la migración? 5. ¿Bajo qué condiciones el incremento de los ingresos y de los activos puede tener un impacto suficiente para reducir la necesidad de emigrar?

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  • Documentos de Trabajo

    Situando la agricultura familiar en México. Principales características y tipología

    En el documento presentamos los principales resultados de nuestras indagaciones sobre la agricultura familiar (AF en adelante) en México.

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  • Documentos de Trabajo

    La Agricultura Familiar en Guatemala

    La situación agraria ha sido el eje sobre el que se ha construido la historia de Guatemala y quizás la principal fuente de conflictos políticos, económicos y sociales. “Esta es una tragedia que lleva más de cinco siglos en este pequeño país y que todavía no llega a su fin”. Cambranes (1992).

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  • Documentos de Trabajo

    La Agricultura Familiar en el Ecuador

    El presente trabajo aborda un tema de importancia estratégica para el sector rural como es la agricultura familiar. Recientemente han surgido una serie de estudios que obedecen a la importancia asignada a este sector de productores rurales en las políticas públicas de la región. De esta forma, la agricultura familiar salta a ocupar un lugar preponderante en las políticas planteadas por organismos multilaterales (FAO, FIDA, CEPAL, IICA, BID, etc.), así como en las políticas gubernamentales sea a nivel de país (con Brasil como ejemplo paradigmático) como de organismos regionales (REAF, Merco Sur, CAN, etc.).

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  • Documentos de Trabajo

    La Agricultura Familiar en Colombia

    Este informe hace parte de los trabajos encargados por el FIDA en seis países de América Latina (México, Guatemala, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador y Brasil) bajo la coordinación de RIMISP, con el objetivo de revisar las definiciones de la agricultura familiar, los indicadores y variables utilizados para cuantificarla, la realización de tipologías de este tipo de agriculturas, y elaborar recomendaciones para el gobierno y las agencias de desarrollo, tales como el FIDA.

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  • Documentos de Trabajo

    A Agricultura Familiar No Brasil

    Este documento, que toma a agricultura familiar do Brasil como universo empírico de análise, tem por objetivo central contribuir para compreender melhor sua diversidade econômica e as características da sua heterogeneidade social. Os dados do Censo Agropecuário de 2006, que pela primeira vez na história do Brasil ousou segmentar os estabelecimentos agropecuários em familiares e não-familiares, forneceu o estímulo e as condições para que uma análise mais detalhada da agricultura familiar brasileira fosse possível. Não é sem motivo que o Brasil se tornou uma referências nos estudos sobre a agricultura familiar, sendo este o tema que tem gerado alguns dos mais interessantes e criativos trabalhos no âmbito dos estudos rurais (ALVES e ROCHA, 2010; KAGEYAMA, BERGAMSCO e OLIVEIRA, 2011; NAVARRO e CAMPOS, 2013).

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  • Boletín Biocultú

    No 3: BioCulTú. Programa Desarrollo Territorial Rural con Identidad Cultural

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  • Documentos de Trabajo

    Explaining Spatial Diversity in Latin American Rural Development: Structures, Institutions, and Coalitions

    This article summarizes the results of a research program conducted in 11 Latin America countries, addressing two questions: (1) what factors determine territorial development dynamics that lead to economic growth, poverty reduction, and improved income distribution? (2) What can be done to stimulate this kind of territorial dynamics? We highlight five “bundles of factors” that we found in 19 case studies of territorial development, as well as the role of social territorial coalitions that appear to be necessary for territorial dynamics that lead to economic growth with social inclusion. The article calls for territorial development policies to complement sectoral policies.

    2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).

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  • Documentos de Trabajo

    Poverty Reduction Through Dispossession: The Milk Boom and the Return of the Elite in Santo Tomás, Nicaragua

    — Ideally, poverty indicators improve because poor people’s livelihoods are improved. They can, however, also improve because poor people are expelled from the territory. This article explores the case of the cattle region of Chontales, Nicaragua, which during 1998–2005 experienced economic growth and declining poverty rates, spurred by investments and organizational development. The article argues that in the absence of pro-poor coalitions, these investments facilitated the return and strengthening of the local elite and that the observed decline in poverty rates emerges as the result of dispossession and subsequent exodus of the poor rather than of inclusive economic growth.

    2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).

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  • Documentos de Trabajo

    Gas and Development: Rural Territorial Dynamics in Tarija, Bolivia

    Framed by concepts of territorial project, social coalitions, and scalar relationships, we analyze rural territorial dynamics under conditions of rapid expansion in natural gas extraction. Analyzing recent economic, political, and territorial transformations of Bolivia’s gas-rich region, Tarija, we argue that pre-existing territorial projects of a diverse set of subnational and national actors have: (i) shaped the influence of the gas industry on local dynamics; (ii) changed the scale relationships between local communities, the state, and companies; and (iii) mediated the transformation of territories in ways determined by the nature and aspirations of these territorial projects.

    2015 Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/bync-nd/3.0/).

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  • Documentos de Trabajo

    Gender Systems and Women’s Labor Force Participation in the Salmon Industry in Chiloé, Chile

    This paper, which follows the emergence of the salmon industry in the 1990s in Chiloe´, Chile, demonstrates that factors restricting women’s participation in labor force and wage differences between women and men are related to the gender systems operating in Chiloe. Results indicate that these systems reflect the territory’s demographic and agrarian history and that local gender systems have a positive influence on women’s participation in the labor market, though this is not accompanied by decreased salary discrimination in the salmon industry. The implication is that territory-specific and gender factors must be considered in national employment policies.

    2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).

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  • Documentos de Trabajo

    Territorial Coalitions and Rural Dynamics in Ecuador. Why History Matters

    This paper analyzes the extent to which transformative territorial coalitions can deliberately change the exclusive structures that afflict rural territories in Latin America. A historical comparison of three rural territorial dynamics in Ecuador demonstrates that deliberate planning is not necessary to promote an inclusive and equitable economic dynamic if a long historical process has created favorable territorial social structures. When territories do not have such social structures, they are more likely to require a strong exogenous shock to create a new and inclusive economic organization.

    2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).

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  • Documentos de Trabajo

    The Importance of Inequality for Natural Resource Governance: Evidence from Two Nicaraguan Territories

    Natural resources constitute an important axis around which rural territorial dynamics revolve. Based on empirical registration of how applications for and denouncements of natural resource use are dealt with in two Nicaraguan rural territories, this paper examines the importance of inequality for the institutional practices through which district-level governance of natural resource use takes place. Notable differences are identified. The paper concludes that institutional practices which promote rule-based natural resource governance and gradually curb the veto possibilities of powerful actors are more likely to emerge in territories where political voice is not restricted to the economic elite.

    2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).

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  • Documentos de Trabajo

    Cities, Territories, and Inclusive Growth: Unraveling Urban–Rural Linkages in Chile, Colombia, and Mexico

    We explore the effects of the growing urbanization of rural areas in Chile, Colombia, and Mexico and investigate whether the presence of small- and medium-sized cities within rural–urban territories enhances economic growth and reduces poverty and income inequality compared to deep-rural and metropolitan territories. For Chile and Colombia, our results suggest that these urban centers can make a greater contribution to the rate of economic growth and poverty reduction in rural–urban territories compared to deep-rural ones, but in some cases with a rise in income inequality. The mechanisms through which urban centers affect the dynamics of territorial development are country-specific.

    2015 Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/bync-nd/3.0/).

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  • Documentos de Trabajo

    Linkage to Dynamic Markets and Rural Territorial Development in Latin America

    Linkage to dynamic markets is a key factor in understanding why different rural territories in Latin America perform differently. This paper combines two conceptual frameworks (from the new economic geography and economic sociology) for an in-depth analysis of the mechanisms that operate in this linkage and to identify key factors that allow for inclusive economic development. This analysis considers three rural territories that exemplify market linkages frequently observed in Latin America, where, although high transaction costs and limited access to financial capital prevail, other types of capital (social, cultural, and human capital) available to rural dwellers can be mobilized.

    2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).

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  • Documentos de Trabajo

    Extraterritorial Investments, Environmental Crisis, and Collective Action in Latin America

    A growing number of extraterritorial private-sector actors, often in partnership with the state, are expanding the frontiers of extractive and primary export economies to new rural territories in Latin America. This paper analyzes the conditions that might drive meaningful efforts to address environmental problems in territories dominated by large, externally controlled natural resource-based activities. It studies three cases: salmon aquaculture in Chiloé (Chile), fruit growing in O’Higgins (Chile), and gas production in Tarija (Bolivia). We conclude that such efforts are unlikely to occur unless environmental problems directly threaten the short-term viability of the activities or social movements emerge to demand change.

    2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).

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  • Documentos de Trabajo

    A Large-Scale Mapping of Territorial Development Dynamics in Latin America

    This paper summarizes a study of changes in per-capita income, monetary poverty, and income distribution in 9,045 subnational administrative units of nine Latin American countries between the mid-1990s and mid-2000s. The results largely support spatial convergence of mean household incomes, although the estimates indicate it has been slow. Territorial inequality is found to be persistent and reduces the pro-poor effect of local income growth. Although national-context specific, the estimates also indicate that territorial development dynamics are influenced by the structural features of the territories. In view of the evidence, territorial development policies in Latin America seem well warranted.

    2015 Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/bync-nd/3.0/).

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  • Documentos de Trabajo

    Conceptualizing Spatial Diversity in Latin American Rural Development: Structures, Institutions, and Coalitions

    This article is the introduction to a volume containing findings from a program conducted over five years in 11 Latin America countries, to answer three questions: (1) Are there rural territories that have experienced simultaneous economic growth, poverty reduction, and improved distribution of income?; (2) What factors determine these territorial dynamics?, and; (3) What can be done to stimulate and promote this kind of territorial dynamics? The article outlines the analytical and policy issues and the methodology, summarizes the remaining 10 papers in the collection, and presents a conceptual framework that itself is one of the results of the program.

    2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).

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  • Boletines

    Nº6 Serie de Análisis – Encuesta CASEN 2013

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  • Libros

    Santiago, lugar de encuentro

    Esta publicación es realizada por la Municipalidad de Santiago. Se trata de la síntesis de seis estudios que fueron identificados como necesarios para construir la línea de base diagnóstica y propuestas de acción, relacionadas con la generación de un nuevo Plan de Desarrollo Comunal (PLADECO) 2014-2020.

    Rimisp-Centro Latinoamericano para el Desarrollo Rural participa a través del capítulo 3 de este libro, el que corresponde al estudio “Santiaguinos inmigrantes. Hacia la integración de nuevos colectivos”.

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